Hoshang Mustafa graduated from the English Department of the College of Arts, Salahaddin University-Hawler in 2001. He got his MA in 2011 in English Language and Literature from Pune University, India. His MA was a course taught. Furthermore, he is interested in discourse analysis and pedagogy and has participated in several workshops concerning the most recent methods of teaching and their application, e.g. the University of Cincinnati-Salahaddin linkage conference on student-centered pedagogy and research in Kurdistan, Iraq (13-14 April, 2013).