Rizgar Mahmood pursued his academic endeavours at California State University, Northridge in the USA, where he earned a master’s degree in Linguistics/TESL. After graduating in 2019, he worked as an assistant lecturer at Salahaddin University, Erbil in Iraqi Kurdistan until 2022. Currently, he is pursuing his PhD in Applied Linguistics/Second Language Acquisition, focusing on the effectiveness of pronunciation instruction and corrective feedback on the development of L2 learners’ pronunciation.